I have multiple columns, each with a header at the top. I want the header to stay at the top of the column as a user scrolls down, but I also want it to move with the column if the user needs to scroll left or right to see the later columns on a small screen for example.
Something like a fixed vertical position but unfixed horizontal. Any ideas of how I can do this with CSS?
I looked around the forum and couldn't find the solution or a similar post. Thanks in advance for any help. You can then put an overflow box as a sibling inside the columns, though that does mean each individual column gets its own scrollbar. But this way, all the columns and their contents can scroll from side to side if necessary.
Overflow-x and -y were initially IE-only properties, later added into CSS3, which means some modern browsers may support and others won't. So you'd have to pick one that works for the browsers you're testing on, OR just make sure the inner contents are never wider than your col div to prevent a horizontal scrollbar on the columns. I've seen a way to have the scrollbar remain on the side of the browser with columns and fixed headers, however they did not scroll to the side.
I'm no expert, but I fake one on teh Internets. Search this site:. Sun, Last seen: 10 years 12 weeks ago. Joined: Here is the CSS i'm using currently. Tags: CSS Layouts css positioning layout. Mon, Stomme poes. Last seen: 8 years 25 weeks ago. Create new account Request new password.As a front end developer, more and more frequently I am given designs that include a horizontal scrolling component. This has become especially common on mobile to help reduce the vertical height of dense pages.
Our comp has something like this:. After building a couple of these and battling through unexpected bugs in the QA process, I wanted to find out once and for all how to create a horizontal scroller with minimal code that worked as expected across all types of devices.
The HTML is pretty simple. On our container, we want to turn off vertical scrolling overflow-y and enable horizontal scrolling overflow-x. Then with each card, we want to set it to display with inline-block so they all display in a row. The line of CSS you probably are unfamiliar with is white-space: nowrap. This property is used to control how text wraps around a container. In this case, we want to disable that wrapping by using nowrap.
As to browser support? Unless you care about Internet Explorer or Edge. Microsoft says they will likely include it in a future version of Edge. Flexbox can make this work for us too. Essentially we are using flex-wrap to achieve the same effect as white-space above. Browser support is better for the flexbox solution. You might need to pull in some vendor prefixes for older browsers, but at least this solution works with IE and Edge. Web pages on iOS scroll with momentum if you are scrolling up and down.
If you flick your finger up or down quickly, the page will keep scrolling after you let go. If you reach the top or bottom of the page, the page will bounce past the end of the wrapper before bouncing back into place. Just remember, while the prefix says webkit, this is most noticeable on iOS. Now we have the buttery smooth scrolling on a horizontal container. By default a container that has scrolling content will have scroll bars. Makes sense, right?
This is for webkit browsers only, however. Sign in. Colin Lord Follow. The Flexbox Method Flexbox can make this work for us too. Overflow Scrolling Web pages on iOS scroll with momentum if you are scrolling up and down. Scroll bars By default a container that has scrolling content will have scroll bars. Meteorologist turned developer. Married to katyrae Born in Atlanta.
Educated at FloridaState. Now work for Modea as a senior front-end dev in Blacksburg. Bursts of code to power through your day. Web Development articles, tutorials, and news.The position property specifies the type of positioning method used for an element static, relative, fixed, absolute or sticky. The position property specifies the type of positioning method used for an element.
Elements are then positioned using the top, bottom, left, and right properties. However, these properties will not work unless the position property is set first. They also work differently depending on the position value. An element with position: static; is not positioned in any special way; it is always positioned according to the normal flow of the page:. An element with position: relative; is positioned relative to its normal position.
Setting the top, right, bottom, and left properties of a relatively-positioned element will cause it to be adjusted away from its normal position. Other content will not be adjusted to fit into any gap left by the element. An element with position: fixed; is positioned relative to the viewport, which means it always stays in the same place even if the page is scrolled.
The top, right, bottom, and left properties are used to position the element. An element with position: absolute; is positioned relative to the nearest positioned ancestor instead of positioned relative to the viewport, like fixed. However; if an absolute positioned element has no positioned ancestors, it uses the document body, and moves along with page scrolling.
Note: A "positioned" element is one whose position is anything except static. An element with position: sticky; is positioned based on the user's scroll position.
A sticky element toggles between relative and fixeddepending on the scroll position. It is positioned relative until a given offset position is met in the viewport - then it "sticks" in place like position:fixed.
Note: Internet Explorer, Edge 15 and earlier versions do not support sticky positioning. Safari requires a -webkit- prefix see example below. You must also specify at least one of toprightbottom or left for sticky positioning to work.Learn Development at Frontend Masters. Sticky elements are predominantly used for keeping something shown on the screen throughout scrolling.
As cool as that is, we can also hide elements in the same way! Sticky elements position: sticky; are very similar to fixed elements position: fixed; in that they both maintain their position on the screen, even as the user scrolls up or down the page. The difference?
A sticky element remains confined to the parent container it is in. Compare sticky example above with this one that uses the same concept using a fixed element instead:. Say we want to create an effect where elements either slide in or out of view on scroll — sort of like parallax.
For example, a header that slides out and a footer that slides in:. There are probably a bunch of ways we can create a cover on the article that sticky elements can pass and hide under on a page — I went with a background-image.
The background linear gradient is applied to the article and runs from top to bottom, starting with 50px of transparency and a color change with a hard stop at 50px. The calc stuff? Then we go transparent again.
That means we have two 50px transparent stripes, one at the top and one at the bottom with equal heights matching the heights of the category heading and the footer. The category header and the article footer are the elements that slide in and out of the text, so their heights are the ones that determine how long the transparent stripes will be at the top and bottom of the gradient.
How this all comes together is that both the category header and article title stick to the screen when their tops align with the top of the viewport. The title stacks on top of the category header and, when it starts sticking at the top of the viewport, hides the category header altogether.
The key is to create those covers that allow your sticky elements to hide behind and be revealed as they pass through — again, probably different ways to go about that, but I went with transparent stripes in a gradient. See how the food gets revealed as one article leaves the viewport and then is hidden when the next article passes over it?
Both of the sticky elements the title and image will slide under and through the article. Before wrapping up, let me show you one more example that inspired this post. I thought if fixed elements can do that for the whole page, then maybe sticky elements can do something similar for individual elements — and hence what I came up with so far. Frontend Masters is the best place to get it. I have been playing around with using sticky elements using z-index to place them over scrolling background elements and tying everything together using css-grid with a parent container including both the sticky and scrolling elements.
However, if I try to break things down into components in either react or vue, the unifying css-grid falls apart. If you have any suggestions as to how to make a css-grid work across several react, or vue, components within a css-grid parent container holding all of them together, please let me know.
The css-grid related css is all in one file that is imported to the individual component files. I hope that all makes sense. Thanks: Jim. Since this effect requires the revealed element the be stacked beneath with negative z-index, it renders the element inaccessible to pointer events.Set Shape as Scroll Position
By now, I've used position:fixed to avoid getting a blank gap if you scroll down with top:0 and bottom That works great, but if you scroll horizontally, the div doesn't scroll with the rest of the page.
I've positioned 20px left from its container and it stays in the right position when the browser is not narrower than the document, but when it is is when the problems start. EDIT: The green div should behave as the gray one and move when you scroll horizontally instead of staying in place.
How To Create Horizontal Scrolling Containers
You need to use position:absolute on the green div instead of position:fixed if you want it to scroll horizontally like your gray div is doing. Learn more. CSS: position:fixed and horizontal scrolling Ask Question. Asked 7 years ago. Active 11 months ago. Viewed 7k times. Kim Kern Pollux Pollux 13 1 1 silver badge 5 5 bronze badges. Active Oldest Votes. Here is a working jsFiddle. Hi there. Thanks for your help, but it's the other way around.
I want the green div to scroll like the gray one. Sorry for the misunderstanding. Pollux In that case you just do the opposite and use position:absolute on the green div - here's the new jsFiddle - jsfiddle. That works great with the scrolling, but not with the height.
It takes the heignt of the browser, so if you scroll down there's a blank gap where the green div should reach. It's not an easy one, I know Thanks again! Pollux Really?
There isn't because of the height: px. Is there any way to avoid using a fixed height so you don't have to make scroll if it isn't necessary?
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How TO - Sticky Element
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DIV "fixed" only for horizontal scrolling. Medium Priority. Last Modified: I'm totally new to this, half the language on this site i have trouble understanding but i'm going to give this a shot anyway.
I would really appreciate your help. I am building a portfolio website with a navigation bar that remains "position: fixed" as you scroll horizontally ONLY.
How TO - On Scroll Header
Is this what you need? This is not achievable with CSS only. Not the solution you were looking for? Getting a personalized solution is easy. Ask the Experts. Author Commented: The elements that get cut off disappear and leave only the body background color or image to be shown. Now I am very shaky in my knowledge of best practices when it comes to fixed, fluid, elastic layouts, and I desperately want that to change. Rexcalabrese Neoone Using overflow: hidden; is a quick fix that can cause as many problems as it fixes.
I would simply recommend giving elements appropriate widths to avoid this issue altogether. Cucuzo : Thank so much. I agree with joshuanhibbert. Hiding the overflow-x works, but will only cause problems later on. I just started working on this site and would love to fix it before I move deeper into the template structure.
This is the dev.
Creating sliding effects using sticky positioning
Thank you merri : works perfect now. Does the work for me excellently. Good stuff! This topic is empty. Viewing 12 posts - 1 through 12 of 12 total.
June 25, at pm Any input about how to re-adjust my layout to avoid this issue would be great! Thanks everybody! Kalee Eversole. September 17, at pm Rexcalabrese Member. December 3, at am I want to know how to make the site fluid once the scroll bars appear.
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